In Antwort auf:
Das Leiden der Menschen an Ihrer Ohnmacht." Was ist die Konsequenz aus diesem Leiden? Hier scheint die Philosophie gefragt zu sein und darüber weiss ich leider (noch) zu wenig. Vielleicht kann mir jemand aus der "philosophischen Ecke" des Boards ein paar verständliche Worte dazu als weiteren Anstoss posten.
LOL, I am not concerned with Gerhart Hauptman´s style of prosa but presumably I can show you a linkage between philosophy and literature. In the nineteenth century, with the beginning of what Rorty calls the culture of the man of letters, that is the culture of the "intellectual who wrote poems and novels and political treatises, and criticisms of other people's poems and novels and treatises", the importance of philosophy began to be doubted.
Writers like Proust - remain in their writings in relation to their own, private, idiosyncratic past, rewinding objects, people and events (using, for instance, that memoire involontaire), making redescriptions of their surrounding in their own vocabulary, in their own terms. They aim at autonomy, redescribing in their works those who once described themselves. They free themselves from foreign authorities, showing their relativity, their finiteness, their transitoriness.
Consequently, scientists became isolated at the beginning of the twentieth century from the majority of intellectuals, just like theologians had been isolated before. Poets and novelists became, to use Rorty's favorite formulation, the moral teachers of the youth, and the more philosophy wanted to be "scientific" or "exact", the more it drifted away from the rest of culture and thereby the more absurd became its traditional claims to being a foundational discipline for the whole of culture.
The point is not that the philosopher has to write about literature; instead, the point may be that he re-thinks the very knot of relations between philosophy and literature. It is sometimes not the investigation of how philosophy approaches its "object" and "sharpens" its philosophical "tools" (Hegel) that lies at the heart of the question; it may also lie in the relations between the two.
In the face of the restricted influence of philosophy in general on delicate matters of social life in a time of the collapse of the traditional Enlightenment figure of the intellectual, the chance, perhaps the last chance, of
shaping liberal sensitivity is provided by the novel (and let us bear in mind that we belong to a culture that was not only nourished by the "Bible, Socrates, Plato, and the Enlightenment" but also, as Rorty says, by "Rabelais, Montaigne, Sterne, Hogarth and Mark Twain").
The existence of truth only becomes an issue when another sort of truth is in question. (R.Rorty)
BlueHorizon, 09.06.2005 17:23